Meta Collab

This article is a part of the collaborative research project to develop a general theory of collaboration.
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Information exchange refers to the exchange of information regarding the collaborative domain and/or throughout the collaborative process which contributes to the collaboration’s successful outcome.

Information exchange is currently listed as a
first class collaborative element,
meaning it is an element of all human collaborative situations.

Types of information exchange[]

Many types and instances of information exchange may appear unnecessary in a collaborative context, but may become more important at a later date, and/or may be important in a peripheral, tacit or implicit manner, for instance cultural and/or social negotiation, both subsets of information exchange (such as behaviour which leads to relationsip building or group cohesion and acts of good will).

It is important to remember that all forms of information exchange require both actuating and reception and that the methods of each of these may be widely varied for a single type of information, and modified during an exchange. For example a collaborative contribution may be spoken, transcribed and sent in an email by another person, read by the repipient to a group who then discusses and repond with bodily movements which is relayed via web cam - in the case of a long distance collaborative dance choreography.


  • Speech
  • Sound (music, sound art, action sounds from movement, execution of events, operation of equipment etc)


  • Text -
  • Bodily cues - general body language, gesture, geticulation, sign language, facial expressions, fashion oriented cues


Sharing (reliant upon trust) is an essential component of many forms of information exchange.